What is SAR?
Sar is a monitoring tool used by server administrator to monitor server resource usages. Lots of command line tools are available to monitor server resource usages.Sar is one of them and is a part of sysstat package. We can collect informantions based on CPU, Memory, I/O etc in real time.
A lot of switches are available with “sar” command to check different things. In debian based server, command “apt-get” is used to install the SAR utility.
Installation of SAR on Ubuntu/Debian:
Step I : SSH to the server as root user.
Step II : Execute the below command to install the SAR utility.
# apt-get install sysstat
You might get the below pasted error if you are not configured the sysstat properly.
Cannot open /var/log/sysstat/sa02: No such file or directory
Please check if data collecting is enabled in /etc/default/sysstat
How to Fix it?
Open “/etc/default/sysstat” using your favorite file editor and change ENABLED=”false” to ENABLED=”true”
# Should sadc collect system activity informations? Valid values
# are "true" and "false". Please do not put other values, they
# will be overwritten by debconf!
Step III : One more thing to do, change the collection interval from every 10 minutes to every 2 minutes.
5-55/10 * * * * root command -v debian-sa1 > /dev/null && debian-sa1 1 1
*/2 * * * * root command -v debian-sa1 > /dev/null && debian-sa1 1 1
Step IV : Restart the service.
service sysstat restart
Sar has been installed succeesfully!!!!