To Create Hard Links in Linux
To create a hard links in Linux, we will use ln utility. For example, the following command creates a hard link named
tp to the file
$ ls -l $ ln topprocs.sh tp $ ls -l
tp is just another regular executable file that points to the same underlying inode as
To make a hard link directly into a soft link, use the
-P flag like this.
$ ln -P topprocs.sh tp
To Create Symbolic Links in Linux
To create a symbolic link in Linux, we will use same ln utility with
-s switch. For example, the following command creates a symbolic link named
topps.sh to the file
$ ln -s ~/bin/topprocs.sh topps.sh $ ls -l topps.sh
topps.sh is a link indicated by
l:meaning it is a link to another filename.
If the symbolic link already exists, you may get an error, to force the operation (remove existing symbolic link), use the
$ ln -s ~/bin/topprocs.sh topps.sh $ ln -sf ~/bin/topprocs.sh topps.sh
To enable verbose mode, add the
-v flag to prints the name of each linked file in the output.
$ ln -sfv ~/bin/topprocs.sh topps.sh $ $ls -l topps.sh