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tr (short for translate) is a useful command line utility that translates and/or deletes...10 ‘who’ Command Examples for Linux Newbies
One of the various commands we mentioned was the who command which displays users who are...12 Practical Examples of Linux Xargs Command for Beginners
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First of all, Login to Cpanel. Locate, Site Management Tools and click on MySQL Databases.You...Agedu – A Useful Tool for Tracking Down Wasted Disk Space in Linux
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There might be a situation where you would have to change multiple account passwords on a cPanel...Command to Terminate a Process in Linux
killKill command is used by the "Linux Operating System" to terminate a process. The command...Common logs file paths
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In Unix-like systems such as Linux, everything is considered a file, and all information about a...Deprecated Linux Networking Commands and Their Replacements
we have covered some useful command line networking utilities for Sysadmin’s for network...Difference Between su and su - Commands in Linux
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Before adopting a file system, you should consider how large the file system needs to be, what...Filemanager in Cpanel gives no files only directories.
When using the file manager in cpanel you only see directories but no files. Check if you are...For shared SSH access, is wget() command allowed?
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This article will show you how forward emails in cPanel Login to your cPanel Web Host manager...Fping – A High Performance Ping Tool for Linux
fping is a small command line tool to send ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) echo request...Fzf – A Quick Fuzzy File Search from Linux Terminal
Fzf is a tiny, blazing fast, general-purpose, and cross-platform command-line fuzzy finder, that...Gogo – Create Shortcuts to Long and Complicated Paths in Linux
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Goto is a shell utility to quickly navigate to aliased directories, with support for...Host a website on lInux with HTTPS using Caddy Host a website on lInux with HTTPS using Caddy
Caddy is a general purpose web server alternative to apache server. It is easy to use and...How To Install Nginx on SUSE Linux Enterprise server 12?
Step 1 – Configure Nginx repo Type the following zypper command to add the zypper repository for...How can I backup a database using phpmyadmin?
Backing up your database in Phpmyadmin is accomplished by doing the following: Step-1:Click on...How do I backup my site in cPanel?
It is important to have your own backup procedure in place to protect yourself from losing all...How do I change my cPanel password?
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Each webmail client has a timezone setting, which is set to the server clock by default....How do I check if a port is in use on Linux?
Popular port numbers in Linux HTTP – TCP 80 HTTPS – TCP 443 POP3 – TCP 110 SMTP – TCP 25 SSH...How do I password protect a folder?
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If you have been using cPanel with your previous host then you need to create a full backup of...How do you download raw access logs ?
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We may want to add some swap space for a Linux box while only find that all disk space is...How to Add a New Disk Larger Than 2TB to An Existing Linux?
In such cases, we can use the parted command. The major difference lies in the partitioning...How to Add or Remove a User from a Group in Linux?
Linux is by default a multi-user system, thus user management is one of the fundamental tasks of...How to Append Text to End of File in Linux?
The >> operator redirects output to a file and the output will be appended at the end of...How to Block or Disable Normal User Logins in Linux?
To Block User Logins Using /etc/nologin File This can be used to block user login by manually...How to Change Exim mail server IP address in cPanel server?
HOW TO CHANGE EXIM MAIL SERVER'S IP ADDRESS, FOR SERVER WITH CPANEL?In cPanel/WHM, Exim uses main...How to Change Runlevels (targets) in SystemD?
Systemd is a modern init system for Linux: a system and service manager which is compatible with...How to Change UUID of Partition in Linux Filesystem?
UUID stands for Universally Unique IDentifier of a partition. This ID is used in a few different...How to Change or Set System Locales in Linux?
A locale is a set of environmental variables that defines the language, country, and character...How to Check Execution Time of a Process in Linux?
This guide will show you a number of tools which comes in handy when trying to find execution...How to Clear BASH Command Line History in Linux?
The bash history keeps a record of all commands executed by a user on the Linux command line....How to Clone a Partition or Hard drive in Linux?
With dd command you can copy an entire hard drive or just a Linux partition. Let's start with...How to Configure and Manage the Firewall on CentOS 8?
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There are several command-line tools for managing a wireless network interface in Linux systems....How to Control Systemd Services on Remote Linux Server?
Systemd system and services manager can be controlled using the systemctl command line utility....How to Convert Images to WebP Format in Linux?
WebP is a relatively new, open-source image format that offers exceptional lossless and lossy...How to Copy File Permissions and Ownership to Another File in Linux?
Copy File Permissions to Another File To copy file permissions from one file to another file,...How to Create Hard and Symbolic Links in Linux?
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The ext4 or fourth extended filesystem is a widely-used journaling file system for Linux. It was...How to Create a Password Protected ZIP File in Linux?
ZIP is a very popular compression and file packaging utility for Unix-like operating systems as...How to Create a Virtual HardDisk Volume Using a File in Linux
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A JAR (Java ARchive) is platform-independent file format used to aggregate many Java class files...How to Create and Use Alias Command in Linux
Linux users often need to use one command over and over again. Typing or copying the same...How to Delete HUGE (100-200GB) Files in Linux?
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Tar (Tape Archive) is a popular file archiving format in Linux. It can be used together with gzip...How to Enable Syntax Highlighting in Vi/Vim Editor?
VIM is an alternative and advanced version of VI editor that enables Syntax highlighting feature...How to Enable, Disable and Install Yum Plug-ins?
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Linux has a useful utility called file which carries out some tests on a specified file and...How to Find a Specific String or Word in Files and Directories?
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cp command stands for a copy. Here, we will show you how to force the cp command to overwrite a...How to Get Domain and IP Address Information Using WHOIS Command?
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Usually, when you install a package in CentOS and Ubuntu, the package management software selects...How to Install and Use Chrony in Linux?
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On Unix-like operating systems including Linux, the root is the account or user name that by...How to Manage User Password Expiration and Aging in Linux?
The chage command is used to modify user password expiry information. It enables you to view user...How to Manage User Password Expiration and Aging in Linux?
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Wget utility is a popular and feature-rich command-line based file downloader for Unix-like...How to Repair database via phpMyAdmin in cPanel?
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YUM is an interactive, rpm based, high-level package manager for RHEL/CentOS systems, it enables...How to Use ‘fsck’ to Repair File System Errors in Linux?
Filesystems are responsible for organizing how data is stored and recovered. One way or another,...How to View Colored Man Pages in Linux?
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You can use the grep command to for this purpose. The following command will enable you view the...How to Watch TCP and UDP Ports in Real-time?
Each network service running on a Linux system uses a particular protocol (the most common being...How to access/view Python help when using vim?
Access python help using pydoc The syntax is: pydoc keywordpydoc3 keywordpydoc lenpydoc print...How to add a user to a database and add privileges?
1. Log into your cPanel account.2. In the "Databases" section, click on "MySQL Databases" Icon.3....How to add an MX entry in cPanel
You need to follow the below steps:Step 1: First of all, log in to the cPanel account and then...How to add an email account in cPanel
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The iptables and ip6tables commands are used to set up, maintain, and firewall rules on the...How to add network bridge with nmcli (NetworkManager) on Linux?
View connection from the Network Manager GUI in settings:Another option is to type the following...How to add ssh key to qcow2 Linux cloud images using virt-sysprep?
Step 1: Install virt-sysprep Type the following apt-get command/apt command to install...How to auto delete Emails on cPanel?
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To edit the file /etc/hostname, enter: $ sudo vi /etc/hostname Delete the existing name and...How to change password for an email account in cPanel?
Given below are the steps: Step 1: First, login to your cPanel and make sure that you are on the...How to change the primary language in cPanel?
To change the primary language in cPanel, 1. You need to login first and then hit the change...How to change your cPanel password?
Please follow the steps to change the cPanel password:1. You need to login to the cPanel first...How to change your cPanel style?
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If you cannot abort a transfer you can clear a session by typing the following using SSH:...How to configure SSL on Tomcat version 6/7/8/9
Requirements 1. Certificate file issued by an authority in the PEM format. Example given below:...How to create a MySQL database in cPanel?
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You can use this interface to create and manage your website's File Transfer Protocol (FTP)...How to create an addon domain in cPanel?
Addon domains allow you to control multiple domains from a single account. An addon domain links...How to create an autoresponder for a specific time period in cPanel?
This feature allows you to configure automatic email response messages. This is useful, for...How to create an email forwarder in cPanel?
This interface allows you configure an email address to forward copies of incoming emails to...How to create custom error pages in cPanel?
An error page informs a visitor when there is a problem accessing your site. Each type of problem...How to create snapshots with lxc command for LXD
LXD Linux system container manager. It gives a user experience comparable to virtual machines but...How to delete a domain forwarder in cPanel?
The steps are given below:Step 1: Login to your cPanel account and make sure you are on the home...How to delete an autoresponder in cPanel?
Follow the below steps: First, login to your cPanel account. Let’s learn how to delete an...How to delete an email account in cPanel
Follow the steps to delete an email account in cPanel: First login to your cPanel. Go to the...How to delete an email forwarder in cPanel
In order to delete an email forwarder in cPanel, please follow the steps given below: Login to...How to delete database table via phpMyAdmin in cPanel?
1. Log into your cPanel account.2. In the "Databases" section, click on "phpMyAdmin" Icon.3. In...How to disable bash shell history in Linux?
Display current history Just type the history command: historyhistory | lesshistory |...How to disable directory listing in cpanel?
Disable directory listing in cpanelIndex Manger in cPanelThe Index Manager allows you to...How to disable shutdown and reboot commands in Linux?
The easiest way to disable shutdown and reboot commands using the /etc/sudoers file, here you can...How to disable the listing in a non-cPanel CentOS server?
How to disable the listing in a non-cPanel CentOS server?1. Locate your httpd.conf file. Normally...How to edit database table via phpMyAdmin in cPanel?
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Let's check how to enable spam protection using cPanel: Login to cPanel. Locate Box Trapper...How to enable/disable Spam Assassin?
Spam Assassin is used to filter out the incoming email on a server-side basis. The feature can be...How to enlarge root partition and filesystem size of cloud Linux VM at runtime without rebooting Linux?
It is common that the root disk space is not enough when running a Virtual Machine in the cloud...How to export / import database in linux via cmdline?
Export full database To export database, use the following command. (where username is...How to export database table via phpMyAdmin in cPanel?
1. Log into your cPanel account.2. In the "Databases" section, click on "phpMyAdmin" Icon.3. In...How to find Intel NUC BIOS version and model on Linux
Find out BIOS version, run: # dmidecode | less $ sudo dmidecode | less How to check BIOS...How to find difference between two directories using Diff and Meld Tools?
Diff To compare two files line by line.It's pre-installed on Linux. The syntax: $ diff...How to find ip address of Linux KVM guest virtual machine?
Steps to find the ip address of Linux KVM guest virtual machine Open the terminal app or log...How to find out which process listening on a particular port?
1. Using netstat Command netstat (network statistics) command is used to display information...How to find serial number of Lenovo laptop from Linux?
Steps to find the serial number of Lenovo laptop/desktop from Linux CLI Open the terminal...How to fix Disk Quota Exceeded error in Linux servers?
Disk Quota Exceeded is a common error in Linux web hosting servers. Website owners see this error...How to fix Named error network unreachable?
The error occurs because of IPv6 addresses. But the system does not have an IPv6 networking...How to fix Sub-Process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1) while installing Gluu Server?
It’s one of the common error thrown by dpkg package manager: Step 1: First thing a package...How to fix Unrecognized VM option MaxMetaspaceSize error?
The error “Unrecognized VM option MaxMetaspaceSize=256m” prevented the creation of Java Virtual...How to hide files and directories in Linux
I am a new Linux user. How do I hide files and directories in Linux operating systems using the...How to import database via phpMyAdmin in cPanel?
1. Log into your cPanel account.2. In the "Databases" section, click on "phpMyAdmin" Icon.3. In...How to install DokuWiki from Softaculous?
DokuWiki is a wiki application. It is written in the PHP programming language. It works on plain...How to install FFmpeg on Fedora Linux 28/29 using dnf
FFmpeg is an open source and free software for managing video, audio, and other multimedia files...How to install KVM server on Debian Linux 9 Headless Server
Follow installation steps of KVM on Debian Linux 9.x headless sever Step 1: Install KVM Type...How to install PGAdmin 4 in desktop mode on ubuntu 16.04 LTS?
Step 1. Installation Packages # sudo apt-get install build-essential libssl-dev libffi-dev...How to install Skype application on Linux?
Step 1 – Install Snapd You need to install snapd package. It is a daemon (service) and tooling...How to install VLC 3 application (Vetinari) on Linux?
Install VLC 3 application (Vetinari) on Linux using snapThe procedure to install VLC on Linux is...How to install VirtualBox 6 on Fedora Linux 29?
Introduction – Oracle VirtualBox is an open source and free hypervisor/virtual machine monitor...How to install and enable Bash auto completion in Fedora Linux
You need to use the dnf command: $ dnf search bash-completion To get info just run the dnf...How to install and setup LXD on Fedora Linux server?
Linux container is an implementation of operating system-level virtualization for the Linux...How to install htop on Alpine Linux using apk?
Let us see all steps and command in details. Alpine Linux install htop Let us search for...How to install networked HP printer and scanner on Fedora Linux?
You can download software by visiting this page . However, Fedora Linux includes software in its...How to install snapd on Fedora Linux system using dnf command?
You can install the snapd package with: sudo dnf install snapd Now everything is set up to get...How to install/update Intel microcode firmware on Linux?
To find out the current status of microcode: Run the following command as root user: # dmesg |...How to limit the number of autoresponder messages sent in cPanel?
To limit the number of autoresponder messages sent in cPanel: Login to your cPanel. Perform...How to list a KVM vm guest using virsh command in Linux?
The syntax is: vish listvish list --allvirsh list [options] virsh list command options...How to optimize database via phpMyAdmin in cPanel?
1. Log into your cPanel account.2. In the "Databases" section, click on "phpMyAdmin" Icon.3. In...How to park a domain in cPanel?
Steps: In order to park a domain in the cPanel, you need to log into the cPanel. Go for the...How to password protect a directory in cPanel?
In order to password protect a particular directory in the cPanel; you need to follow some...How to patch update Suse Enterprise Linux server command?
Use the zypper to patch update Suse Enterprise Linux zypper is a command line for software...How to pipe unrouted emails to a specific script in cPanel?
Login to your cPanel account and make sure you are on the home screen. Click the “Default...How to redirect Nginx non-www to www domain over SSL?
First of all your need SSL certificate for both domains test.in and www.test.in. Step 1 –...How to redirect standard error in bash?
2> is input redirection symbol and syntax is: To redirect stderr (standard error) to a...How to reduce / shrink the size of a LVM partition formatted with XFS Filesystem?
using the following procedure : 1) Backup the data using xfsdump2) Unmount the filesystem3)...How to reload .vimrc file without restarting vim on Linux/Unix?
Append the following in your ~/.vimrc file " Edit vimr configuration file nnoremap confe :e...How to reset a KVM clone virtual Machines with virt-sysprep on Linux?
The syntax to reset a KVM clone virtual Machines with virt-sysprep command: virt-sysprep -d...How to resolve and prevent 554 5.7.1 : Relay access denied email errors in Linux and Windows mail servers
‘554 5.7.1: Relay access denied’ error means that either the sender has failed security checks or...How to set a default email address for unrouted emails in cPanel?
Follow the steps given below: Login to your cPanel account. Now let’s learn how to set our...How to set a return to sender failure message for unrouted emails in cPanel?
Follow the steps given below: Login to your cPanel account. Locate “Default Address” icon....How to set up Insync to synchronize Google Drive and Google Docs files in Ubuntu 18.04 Linux
Google Drive is a nice cloud storage service. It provides a suite of nice online document...How to set your default email address in cPanel?
In order to set the default address in cPanel, you need to go for the default address icon and...How to setup PureFTPd on CentOS 7?
Preparing the Build enviroment Install the CentOS development toolchain. yum -y groupinstall...How to setup a forwarder for an entire domain in cPanel?
If you are looking how to set up a forwarder for an entire domain in cPanel, then here are the...How to setup and configure network bridge on Debian Linux?
Install the brctl Type the following apt command/apt-get command: $ sudo apt install...How to setup domain redirects in cPanel?
In order to set up domain redirects in cPanel, you need to log into the cPanel account first....How to setup email filters in cPanel?
In order to set up email filters in the cPanel, you will need to login first & search for...How to setup hotlink protection in cPanel?
Hotlink protection is required when you want to prevent the accessibility of certain files by...How to setup kernel fallback in CentOS6?
We can simply sort out the process with its resource usages like memory, CPU etc with ps command...How to update Lenovo BIOS from Linux without using Windows?
Procedure to update Lenovo BIOS from Linux Download Lenovo BIOS Bootable CD for your Laptop...How to update your contact information in cPanel?
In order to update the contact information in the cPanel, you need to log in. Then, you need...How to use the Disk Space Usage tool in cPanel?
This helps you to manage your disk space quota use because it displays files and directories that...How to use the IP Deny Manager in cPanel?
This feature will allow you to block a range of IP addresses to prevent them from accessing your...How to use the Index Manager in cPanel?
Index Manager allows you to customize the way a directory will be viewed on the web.Note the...How to use webmail from within cPanel?
Steps Involved: In order to use webmail from within the cPanel, you need to click on the email...How to use/run bash aliases over ssh based session?
To run a free command or date command with ssh: $ ssh email@example.com date Sample outputs:...I ordered an SSL or static IP and now my site is down.
When you order an SSL we assign a static IP to your account. A static IP is required for securing...I've lost my control panel/billing logins.
If you have forgotten or lost your username or password you can have your welcome email resent,...Import / export mysql or maria database using linux terminal
To import and/or export a MySQL or MariaDB database, you will need: Access to the Linux server...Install Chromium browser in Fedora 29 using dnf command
Chromium is a free and open source software created by Google. Chromium act as the upstream...Installation of Linux Mint 20 "Ulyana"
Linux Mint 20, code-named “Ulyana” is the latest stable release of Ubuntu based desktop Linux...Iptables insert rule at top of tables ( PREPEND rule on Linux )
iptables is Linux administration tool for IPv4 packet filtering and NAT. One can use...Is SSH available for windows ?
No, SSH is not available for Windows.Kurly – An Alternative to Most Widely Used Curl Program
Kurly is a free open source, simple but effective, cross-platform alternative to the popular curl...Learn XZ (Lossless Data Compression Tool) in Linux with Examples
xz is a new general-purpose, command line data compression utility, similar to gzip and bzip2. It...Linux disable firewall command
Let us see how to stop and disable Firewalld on a CentOS or RHEL 7.x based system. Is...Linux sdiff Command Examples for Linux Newbies
sdiff is a simple command line utility for showing the differences between two files and merge...Logging The Terminal
There are cases when we want to record the command that we input into the terminal or even the...MTR – A Network Diagnostic Tool for Linux
MTR is a simple, cross-platform command-line network diagnostic tool that combines the...MultiCD – Create a MultiBoot Linux Live USB
MultiCD – is a shell script, designed to create a multiboot image with different Linux...My content is in the wrong folder, how do I move the files to the correct location?
You would need to move your content to the public_html folder (for the main domain). You can move...Mysql database and user naming syntax
Since we run a shared hosting environment, we have to uniquely identify your usernames to your...Newsboat – An RSS/Atom Feed Reader for Linux Terminals
Newsboat is a free, open source RSS/Atom feed reader for Linux terminals. It is originally...Nix – The Purely Functional Package Manager for Linux
Nix is a powerful, purely functional package management system designed for reliable and...OnApp: VM created using a User Template not booting
In OnApp Cloud platform, we can create the custom template (Image) of any running reference VM,...PacVim – A Game That Teaches You Vim Commands
PacVim is a free open source, text-based game that teaches you vim commands in a simple and fun...Rename All Files and Directory Names to Lowercase in Linux
Using find, xargs and rename Commands Together rename is a simple command line utility for...Rename a database in cPanel
1. Log into your cPanel account.2. In the "Databases" section, click on "MySQL Databases" Icon.3....Setting a cron job
What is a Cron Job?A cron is a time-based scheduler which uses cron to schedule jobs periodically...Show a custom message to users before Linux Server Shutdown
shutdown command broadcasts a message to other system users as shown in the screenshot below: #...Simple way to compare files in Linux
Diff Command To compare files in Linux Diff command is used. Diff command is available on...Suse Linux Change Hostname (computer name) without yast
Display the current Suse Linux hostname Type any one of the following commands: $ hostname...System Requirements
Most current web servers with PHP & MySQL installed will be capable of running WHMCS. The...TLDR – Easy to Understand Man Pages for Every Linux User
The TLDR (stands for “Too Long; Didn’t Read“. ) pages are summarized practical usage examples of...Teleconsole – Share Your Linux Terminal with Your Friends
Teleconsole is a free open source and powerful command line tool for sharing your Linux terminal...Termtosvg - A Tool to Record Terminal Session in Linux
Termstovg is tool written in Python allowing to record your Linux terminal session. The...Ternimal – Show Animated Lifeform in Your Linux Terminal
Ternimal (not terminal, yes, we also read it as terminal the first time) is a simple, very...The Silver Searcher – A Code Searching Tool for Programmers
The Silver Searcher is a free and open source, cross-platform source code searching tool similar...The incorrect kernel name/release is shown in WHM/cPanel.
Description/resolution:/var/cpanel/sysinfo.config was not updated properly during the latest...Top command usages and examples in Unix/Linux
1. top To observe the dynamic view of Load Average like uptime, total users logged in to the...Transfer.sh – Easy File Sharing from Linux Commandline
Transfer.sh is a simple, easy and fast service for file sharing from the command-line. It allows...Understanding Shared Libraries in Linux
Linux supports two classes of libraries, namely: Static libraries – are bound to a program...Understanding Shutdown, Poweroff, Halt and Reboot Commands in Linux
Shutdown Command shutdown schedules a time for the system to be powered down. It may be used to...Update Fedora Linux using terminal for latest software patches
Step 1. Open the terminal application Step 2. Update Fedora Linux using the terminal dnf command...Use ‘pushd’ and ‘popd’ for Efficient Filesystem Navigation in Linux
pushd and popd work according to the “LIFO” (last in, first out) principle. In this principle,...W Command in Linux
w is a command-line utility that displays information about currently logged in users and what...Ways to Find User Account Info and Login Details in Linux
1. id Command id is a simple command line utility for displaying a real and effective user and...What Actually “rm -rf” Command Do in Linux?
The rm command is a UNIX and Linux command line utility for removing files or directories on a...What is PHPSUEXEC ?
When using the common PHP installation on a web server, PHP runs as the user nobody and it...What is SSH ?
Secure Shell (SSH), known as Secure Socket Shell, is a UNIX-based command interface and protocol...What is the path to public html in php?
The path to public html is: /home/your-cpanel-username/public_htmlWhat version of Apache do you support?
Apache versions are updated frequently along with the update of the control panel. Please login...Whoami Command in Linux
The syntax for the whoami command is as follows: whoami [OPTION] To display the name of the...Why do you restrict outgoing port access? Why do you charge for a dedicated IP?
We restrict outgoing port access as a result of the shared hosting environment. In this...cPanel addon domain creation: ‘The domain already exists in the Apache configuration.’
We might get an error when adding an addon or parked domain via cPanel. The domain name never...cPanel copy an account from another server failed
You might have encountered following error while using ” Copy an Account From Another Server With...cPanel not loading properly
Cloudflare My cPanel won't load or keep logging me out after enabling Cloudflare. cPanel has an...ccat – Show ‘cat Command’ Output with Syntax Highlighting or Colorizing
ccat is command line similar to cat command in Linux that displays the content of a file with...cloc – Count Lines of Code in Many Programming Languages
While working on different projects, sometimes you might be required to provide a report or...dutree – A CLI Tool to Analyze Disk Usage in Coloured Output
dutree is a free open-source, fast command-line tool for analyzing disk usage, written in Rust...fd – A Simple and Fast Alternative to Find Command
fd, is a simple, fast and user-friendly tool meant to simply perform faster compared to find. It...fkill – Interactively Kill Processes in Linux
Fkill-cli is a free open source, simple and cross-platform command line tool designed to...mimipenguin – Dump Login Passwords From Current Linux Users
Mimipenguin is a free and open source, simple yet powerful Shell/Python script used to dump the...procinfo – Shows System Statistics from /proc Filesystem
The proc file system is a virtual file system that contains files that store information about...ps command switches and usages
Some useful ps commands switch combinations and examples are explained below: 1. ps aux & ps...sysget – A Front-end for Every Package Manager in Linux
Sysget is in no means replacement of the distribution package manager. It is just wrapper of the...whowatch – Monitor Linux Users and Processes in Real Time
whowatch is a simple, easy-to-use interactive who-like command line program for monitoring...zstd – A Fast Data Compression Algorithm Used By Facebook
Zstandard (also known as zstd) is a free open source, fast real-time data compression program...