The FAMP stack, which is akin to a LAMP stack on Linux, is a collection of open-source software that is typically installed together to enable a FreeBSD server to host dynamic websites and web applications. FAMP is an acronym that stands for FreeBSD (operating system), Apache (HTTP server), MySQL/MariaDB (database server), and PHP (programming language to process dynamic PHP content).
- A FreeBSD 12.1.
- A user with root privileges or sudo user to make configuration changes.
- Basic familiarity with the FreeBSD system and command-line interface is recommended.
First of all, let check the FreeBSD version:
freebsd-version # 12.1-RELEASE
Ensure that your FreeBSD system is up to date:
freebsd-update fetch install pkg update && pkg upgrade -y
Install the necessary packages:
pkg install -y sudo vim bash curl
Create a new user account with your preferred username. We use vygav:
adduser # Username:vygav # Full name: Vyga V # Uid (Leave empty for default): # Login group [vyga]: # Login group is vyga. Invite vyga into other groups? : wheel # Login class [default]: # Shell (sh csh tcsh nologin) [sh]: bash # Home directory [/home/vyga]: # Home directory permissions (Leave empty for default): # Use password-based authentication? [yes]: # Use an empty password? (yes/no) [no]: # Use a random password? (yes/no) [no]: # Enter password: your_secure_password # Enter password again: your_secure_password # Lock out the account after creation? [no]: # OK? (yes/no): yes # Add another user? (yes/no): no # Goodbye!
Run the visudo command and uncomment the %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL line, to allow members of the wheel group to execute any command:
visudo # Uncomment by removing hash (#) sign # %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL
Now, switch to your newly created user with su:
su - vyga
NOTE: Replace vyga with your username.
Set up the timezone:
Step 1 — Installing Apache 2.4
The Apache web server is currently one of the most popular web servers in the world. It is an excellent pick for hosting a website.
You can install Apache using FreeBSD's package manager, pkg. A package manager allows you to install most software effortlessly from a repository maintained by FreeBSD.
To install Apache, issue the following command:
sudo pkg install -y apache24
Check the version:
httpd -v # Server version: Apache/2.4.41 (FreeBSD)
Now, enable and start Apache:
sudo sysrc apache24_enable=yes sudo service apache24 start
To check that Apache has started you can run the following command:
sudo service apache24 status
As a result, you'll see something similar to:
# Output apache24 is running as pid 17775.
You can verify that Apache was installed and working without errors by visiting your server's public IP address in your web browser. Navigate to http://your_server_IP. You will see the default "It works!" Apache page.
Step 2 — Installing MySQL 8.0
Now that you have your web server up and running, it is time to install MySQL, the relational database management system. The MySQL server will organize and provide access to databases where your server can store information.
Again, you can utilize pkg to obtain and install your software.
To install MySQL 8.0 using pkg, use this command:
sudo pkg install -y mysql80-client mysql80-server
This command will install the latest version of the MySQL client and server, which is currently 8.x.x.
Check the version:
mysql --version # mysql Ver 8.0.17 for FreeBSD12.0 on amd64 (Source distribution)
Now, enable and start MySQL:
sudo sysrc mysql_enable=yes sudo service mysql-server start
To check that MySQL has started you can run the following command:
sudo service mysql-server status
You'll view something similar to the following:
# Output mysql is running as pid 19171.
As a good practice, you may run the mysql_secure_installation security script that will remove some insecure defaults and slightly limit access to your database system:
You will be asked to set a password, followed by some other questions. Enter a strong password and then for the rest of the questions press :key_enter: to select the defaults.
Step 3 — Installing PHP 7.4
PHP is a server-side scripting language designed for web development. PHP is an indispensable component of the FAMP stack. Also, Python or Perl are commonly used instead of PHP. However, PHP as the most popular option is used most often. Together with the database, it will give your web sites or apps dynamic behavior.
Once again leverage the pkg system to install PHP components.
To install PHP 7.4 with pkg, run this command:
sudo pkg install -y php74 php74-mysqli mod_php74
This installs the php74, mod_php74, and php74-mysqli packages.
Check the PHP version:
php --version # PHP 7.4.1 (cli) (built: Jan 2 2020 01:32:38) ( NTS ) # Copyright (c) The PHP Group # Zend Engine v3.4.0, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies
Copy the sample PHP configuration file into place with this command:
sudo cp /usr/local/etc/php.ini-production /usr/local/etc/php.ini
Now, enable and start PHP-FPM:
sudo sysrc php_fpm_enable=yes sudo service php-fpm start
To check that PHP-FPM has started you can run the following command:
sudo service php-fpm status
As a result, you'll see something similar to:
# Output php_fpm is running as pid 23005. Installing PHP Modules (Optional)
To enhance the functionality of PHP, you can optionally install some additional modules.
To see currently compiled in PHP modules, you can run this:
php -m # [PHP Modules] # Core # date # libxml # mysqlnd # pcre # Reflection # SPL # standard # [Zend Modules]
To search for available PHP modules, you can use this command:
pkg search ^php74-*
The results will be mostly PHP 7.4 modules that you can install:
# Output # php74-7.4.0 PHP Scripting Language # php74-Ice37-3.7.2_1 Modern alternative to object middleware such as CORBA/COM/DCOM/COM+ # php74-aphpbreakdown-2.2.2 Code-Analyzer for PHP for Compatibility Check-UP # php74-aphpunit-1.9 Testing framework for unit tests # php74-bcmath-7.4.0 The bcmath shared extension for php # php74-brotli-0.7.0 Brotli extension for PHP # php74-bsdconv-11.5.0 PHP wrapper for bsdconv # php74-bz2-7.4.0 The bz2 shared extension for php # php74-calendar-7.4.0 The calendar shared extension for php # php74-composer-1.8.6 Dependency Manager for PHP # php74-ctype-7.4.0 The ctype shared extension for php # php74-curl-7.4.0 The curl shared extension for php # . . .
If, after researching, you decide that you need to install a package, you can do so by using the pkg install command. Most PHP web applications will require additional modules, so it's good to know how to search for them.
Step 4 — Configuring Apache to Use PHP Module
Before using PHP, you must configure it to work with Apache.
Run sudo vim /usr/local/etc/apache24/modules.d/001_mod-php.conf and populate the file with the below content:
DirectoryIndex index.php index.html <FilesMatch "\.php$"> SetHandler application/x-httpd-php <FilesMatch "\.phps$"> SetHandler application/x-httpd-php-source
Save the file and exit from vim.
Check Apache's configuration:
sudo apachectl configtest
Because you've made configuration changes in Apache, you have to reload the service for those to be applied. Otherwise, Apache will still work with the earlier configuration:
sudo apachectl restart
Step 5 — Testing PHP Processing
To test that your system is configured correctly for PHP, you can create a very basic PHP script. You'll call this script info.php. By default, the DocumentRoot is set to /usr/local/www/apache24/data. You can create the info.php file under that location by typing:
sudo vim /usr/local/www/apache24/data/info.php
And add this code to that file:
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Navigate to http://your_server_IP/info.php.
After FAMP stack installation and setup you should remove info.php file to avoid disclosing the information about the server to the public:
sudo rm /usr/local/www/apache24/data/info.php