By default, there is an instance of
rsyslog that runs inside every new Ubuntu installation. The
rsyslog tool takes care of receiving all the log message from the kernel and operating system applications and distributing them over files in
rsyslog can do much more than that which includes logging into a remote server. This can be extremely useful for aggregating logs across a large fleet of servers or when it is not possible to write logs on disk.
In this tutorial, we are going to install
rsyslog on a remote machine so we can ship logs to, redirect all logging to that remote server.
Installing rsyslog on Remote Server
You will need a copy of
rsyslog running on a remote machine which will be recieving the logs from your existing server. It is best that you have this in a remote location. The reason being that if this server crashes at the same time as your server crashes, you will not be able to get any logs to troubleshoot any issues.
Assuming that you are using Ubuntu on the remote machine, you will already be running
rsyslog. If not, you can install it by following the instructions provided inside the rsyslog website.
Once it is installed, you will need to make sure that it listens on a port which we will send logs to. The default port is 514 which we will keep. You will need to edit the file
/etc/rsyslog.conf and uncomment the following lines:
# provides UDP syslog reception #$ModLoad imudp #$UDPServerRun 514 # provides TCP syslog reception #$ModLoad imtcp #$InputTCPServerRun 514
After uncommenting the lines, it should look like the following:
# provides UDP syslog reception $ModLoad imudp $UDPServerRun 514 # provides TCP syslog reception $ModLoad imtcp $InputTCPServerRun 514
Once that is done, you can now restart the
rsyslog service by running the command
service rsyslog restart. Your
rsyslog instance is now ready to recieve logs from remote hosts.
rsyslog on Local Server
This process is extremely easy. All you need to do is tell the existing
rsyslog instance on your server to ship logs to your remote server. It is as easy as creating a file inside the
/etc/rsyslog.d folder called
10-rsyslog.conf. Inside that file, all you need to put is
Once you write that file, restart the
rsyslog service by running
service rsyslog restart and your logs will now start being shipped to your remote server. You can verify that by logging into the remote server and checking the log folder, you will find that you now have logs labeled with the hostname of the client server.