Caddy, sometimes clarified as the Caddy web server, is an open source, a HTTP/2-enabled web server written in Go. It uses the Go standard library for its HTTP functionality.A variety of web site technologies can be served by Caddy, which can also act as a reverse proxy and load balancer.


  • Virtual hosting.
  • Native IPv4 and IPv6 support.
  • Serve static files.
  • Graceful restart/reload
  • Reverse proxy.
  • Load balancing with health checks.
  • FastCGI proxy.

Download Caddy binary file

Execute the following command will download the Caddy binary file and put it in your executable PATH:

curl | bash

Using the command below you can see your binary file path which is by default “/usr/local/bin/caddy”:

which caddy

Preparing the Caddy

As you saw we didn’t install Caddy trough a package so we don’t have any service or configuration files for our web server, In this section we are going to create Caddy configuration files, set their permissions and finally create a service for our web server.

Caddy necessary directories

First of all set the binary file permission to “root” and make it executable with the following commands:

chown root:root /usr/local/bin/caddy
chmod 755 /usr/local/bin/caddy

Execute the following command to permit the Caddy’s binary file to listen on preferred port:

setcap CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE=+eip /usr/local/bin/caddy

Now we will create the Caddy’s user and group:

groupadd caddy
useradd \
-g caddy \
--home-dir /var/www --no-create-home \
--shell /usr/sbin/nologin \
--system caddy

Create the Caddy main directory and set the proper owner and permission with the commands below:

mkdir /etc/caddy
touch /etc/caddy/Caddyfile
chown -R root:caddy /etc/caddy
chown caddy:caddy /etc/caddy/Caddyfile
chmod 444 /etc/caddy/Caddyfile

Make the SSL directory to store your SSL configurations:

mkdir /etc/ssl/caddy
chown -R caddy:root /etc/ssl/caddy
chmod 770 /etc/ssl/caddy

Create the root directory for Caddy (which you are going to serve your website):

mkdir /var/www

Caddy Service

In this section, we are going to create a “caddy.service” file to get the ability to control our web server.

Create the service file with the command below:

nano /etc/systemd/system/caddy.service

Paste the following script in the file then save and exit:

Description=Caddy HTTP/2 web server
Documentation= systemd-networkd-wait-online.service


; User and group the process will run as.

; Letsencrypt-issued certificates will be written to this directory.

; Always set "-root" to something safe in case it gets forgotten in the Caddyfile.
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/caddy -log stdout -agree=true -conf=/etc/caddy/Caddyfile -root=/var/tmp
ExecReload=/bin/kill -USR1 $MAINPID

; Limit the number of file descriptors; see `man systemd.exec` for more limit settings.
; Unmodified caddy is not expected to use more than that.

; Use private /tmp and /var/tmp, which are discarded after caddy stops.
; Use a minimal /dev
; Hide /home, /root, and /run/user. Nobody will steal your SSH-keys.
; Make /usr, /boot, /etc and possibly some more folders read-only.
; … except /etc/ssl/caddy, because we want Letsencrypt-certificates there.
;   This merely retains r/w access rights, it does not add any new. Must still be writable on the host!

; The following additional security directives only work with systemd v229 or later.
; They further restrict privileges that can be gained by Caddy. Uncomment if you like.
; Note that you may have to add capabilities required by any plugins in use.


Set the owner and permissions for the service file:

chown root:root /etc/systemd/system/caddy.service

chmod 644 /etc/systemd/system/caddy.service

Now run the command below to take effect:

systemctl daemon-reload

You can start, stop and enable the Caddy service with the following commands:

systemctl start caddy
systemctl enable caddy
systemctl status caddy

Installing the PHP and PHP-FPM

In order to serve WordPress, you need to have PHP installed but you need a PHP processor for integrating the PHP with your Caddy web server and that’s why we are going to install PHP-FPM as well.

Execute the following command to install PHP and all of the dependencies that you may need for running WordPress:

apt-get install php php-fpm php-xml php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-gd php-curl

After the installation process is finished, start and enable your PHP-FPM service with the following commands:

systemctl start php7.0-fpm
systemctl enable php7.0-fpm

Next, open the PHP-FPM configuration file with your text editor:

nano /etc/php/7.0/fpm/pool.d/www.conf

Find the following lines:

user = www-data
group = www-data

And change them like below:

user = caddy
group = caddy

Go ahead and find the “listen.owner” lines, Uncomment them and change them to look like below:

listen.owner = caddy = caddy
listen.mode = 0660

Find the line that starts with “listen” and changes the value like below:

listen =

Save and Exit.
Restart the PHP-FPM service to take effect:

systemctl restart php7.0-fpm

Open your Caddyfile with a text editor:

nano /etc/caddy/Caddyfile

Paste the following configuration in it:

    tls admin@YOUR_DOMAIN
    root /var/www/
    fastcgi / php
    rewrite {
        if {path} not_match ^\/wp-admin
        to {path} {path}/ /index.php?_url={uri}

Now you can test if your PHP and web server is working together properly.
Create a file named “info.php” in your web server’s root directory:

nano /var/www/info.php

paste the following code into it then save and exit:


Now you can open your browser and see your Domain or your public IP address (e.g. http://IP_DOMAIN/info.php)

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